Finger Joint Pain: Causes and Treatment

The joints of the fingers are often affected by various conditions. Hands are very important to a person. You can use your fingers to complete various tasks. However, when there is a problem with the joints, certain difficulties can arise. Sometimes, it is difficult for a person to make normal movements, let alone do the most delicate work on small details. Of course, this can affect quality of life, so it's important to monitor your health. But what if your finger joints already hurt? The cause and treatment of this pathology will depend on many factors. The age of the patient plays an important role. Of course, people after the age of 40 are more susceptible to inflammatory processes. However, both young adults and children may complain of joint pain. What causes this? Let's clear this up.

Finger joint injuries: causes

Your joints won't be injured as easily. There must be a reason for this. Medically, this symptom is believed to be directly related to injuries and certain diseases. The latter include:
  • arthritis.
  • Stenciling ligamentitis.
  • joint.
  • gout.
  • Bursitis.
  • osteomyelitis.
Of course, these are not all causes of finger joint pain. The most common ones are described above. So let’s understand them in more detail.


Do your finger joints hurt? What to do in this situation? Of course, the first thing you need to do is see your doctor. In fact, the symptoms can be caused by a simple injury or by a fairly serious illness that requires special treatment. The earlier you start, the easier it is to achieve positive results.With arthritis, the finger joints become inflamed and cause severe pain. Most people of retirement age begin to experience joint pain. They often develop arthritis. The inflammatory process can occur in acute or chronic form. It’s important to note that arthritis affects not only the finger joints, but other joints as well. People with this disease experience very severe pain. Even when taking a break, they don't stop.Both women and men are at risk. In the latter, however, the disease occurs much less frequently. Unfortunately, children are not protected from this pathology. They are most commonly diagnosed with juvenile arthritis. To date, this species has not been fully studied. But the consequences are quite serious. Some children not only have difficulty moving their fingers, but may also be permanently disabled. Scientists believe that the disease is caused by an abnormal function of the immune system. Children under 16 are at risk.Rheumatoid arthritis has different properties. Caused by infectious and allergic diseases. The danger with this type is that if left untreated, the acute form can turn into a chronic form. Such a person will have limited mobility and often suffer pain.In no case should treatment be carried out independently, as it is necessary to understand the type of arthritis and what causes the disease. The first thing you need to do is see your doctor. After examination, he will prescribe a treatment plan.If a finger joint is injured, your doctor will do the following:
  • If a patient is diagnosed with an infectious disease, how should it be treated? In most cases, antibiotics are used.
  • To relieve inflammation, patients are prescribed medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Chondroprotectants are urgently needed to halt the destructive process.
  • Gymnastics exercises are prescribed, including in swimming pools.
  • Diet.


If you wonder why the joints on your fingers hurt, then there may be several reasons for this pathological phenomenon. One of them is diseases such as arthrosis. It is formed due to the destruction of cartilage tissue. This happens in sequence. Initially, the patient will not feel any discomfort. The pain only occurs after physical activity and lasts for a long time. However, after a certain time, their personality becomes more intense. Pain occurs even at night. This indicates that the disease is beginning to progress. For people with chronic joint disease and severe pain in the thumb joint, doctors diagnose it as "radicular joint disease". The disease has three stages of development. It can be triggered by a variety of reasons. They can be congenital or acquired. In the first case, joint dysplasia is diagnosed. Root joint disease can also occur in obesity, metabolic disorders, or severe trauma. If treatment is not started promptly, this can destroy not only the cartilage, but also the joint ligaments, and all nearby bone structures can be affected.Finger joint pain and hand numbness - symptoms of radiculoarthrosisOf course, the main symptom of radicularthrosis is pain. However, this is not the only concomitant factor of the disease. Patients may also experience a characteristic crunching sound, decreased mobility, and numbness when moving their fingers. All of these supplement the swelling and redness of the skin. If your finger joints are swollen and painful, it's time to see your doctor. In fact, radiculoarthrosis is easier to treat in its first stages than in its final stages. Fairly rare, but surgery may still be necessary.Diseases such as joint disease are common. People of all ages are at risk. Even minor injuries can trigger it. With arthrosis, the joints undergo significant changes that affect the shape of the fingers.


If there is an inflammatory process in the bursa around the joint, it means that a disease such as bursitis is developing. It is accompanied by fluid accumulation. Inflammation occurs after a severe scrape or scrape. This disease is also caused by a certain type of microorganism - pyogenes. People with this condition experience pain in the joints of their fingers and toes. Additionally, inflammation can spread throughout the body. Fluid collects in the shoulder, knee, elbow, and hip joints.Medically, the disease is divided into two forms: acute and chronic. Start with the first one. In the initial stage, people will feel severe pain, which will significantly increase with the movement of the joints. A fairly elastic swelling occurs. It comes in different diameters. When the disease begins to progress, the pain does not stop at night, even if the hand is kept still. During bursitis, redness of the skin, swelling of the limbs, and hypothermia are also observed.Bursitis is characterized by pain, inflammation, and swelling of the finger jointsIf left untreated, the acute form can turn into a chronic form. The symptoms of the latter are milder. Human finger joints suffer much less damage. You should not refuse treatment, since chronic bursitis does not exclude an increase in fluid, which can lead to the formation of cysts. In addition, the inflammatory process leads to the formation of calcium deposits in the diseased joint area. To relieve the patient's condition as much as possible, you will want to immobilize the limb with an elastic bandage. This will protect you from accidental movement that can cause severe pain. Thereafter, you should consult an orthopedic traumatologist. He will choose anti-inflammatory medications as well as narcotics that can be used to treat acute pain.


If you have pain in the finger joints of your right or left hand, gout may be the cause of these unpleasant feelings. This disease is considered the most common. Most common in older people. It occurs due to disruption of uric acid metabolism (sodium crystals are deposited in the tissues). Most people think that gout only occurs around the big toe of the foot. However, it is not. In some people, this structure may also appear on the fingers of the upper body.The inflammatory process is accompanied by swelling, severe redness, pain, and peeling of the skin. Even minimally invasive injuries, physical activity, stress, infectious diseases, etc. may become predisposing factors. The disease manifests itself quickly. Within a few hours, you will notice all of the above symptoms. Patients often develop high temperatures, leading to chills or fever. In acute gout, the finger joints are very painful. Even a slight touch can significantly increase unpleasant sensations. With this disease, it is important to strictly adhere to the diet. It is chosen individually by the doctor for each patient. Alcohol consumption is strictly prohibited. Patients should drink at least two liters of water and juice every day. To remove uric acid from the blood, patients take anti-gout medications. However, you should not expect quick results as their use can last for many years. They are only prescribed by a doctor. Anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs can also be added to it.

stenosing tendonitis

If your child has pain in his finger joints, this may be caused by the pathology of stenosing ligament inflammation. It develops in the ligamentous tendon apparatus. When this disease occurs, not only one finger, but several fingers can become stuck in a bent state. In children, it manifests itself from the age of one. However, they are not the only ones at risk. Adults may also suffer from stenosing desmitis. These are usually people of retirement age.The cause of this disease in children is imbalanced development. That is, annular ligaments grow much more slowly than tendons. Therefore, an imbalance occurs. It causes the ligament to press on the tendon. Therefore, there will be a sense of pressure that is easily felt. Your child may feel a characteristic clicking sound in a certain joint when flexing a finger.Stenciling ligamentitis locks fingers in a bent positionThe cause of stenosis in adults is an inflammatory process, the focus of which is the tendon. This is what causes pain in your finger joints. The following are other factors that may trigger this disease:
  • The load is too large.
  • genetics.
  • The structure of the tendons and annular ligaments is incorrect.
  • Some diseases (diabetes, atherosclerosis, etc. ).
Symptoms of stenosing ligamentitis:
  • Clicking sound when bending;
  • Pain when pressed;
  • compaction formation;
  • Movement is restricted.
The first two symptoms correspond to the first stages of the disease. The second has formed a seal. But by the third stage, patients can no longer straighten their fingers independently. This can only be done through surgery. However, this treatment method is used in quite complex cases. It is best to start developing ligaments and tendons at the earliest stages of the disease, with special physical therapy.


Do your finger joints hurt? The cause may be the above mentioned diseases or dislocation. The latter is caused by bone displacement. Most often, athletes face this condition. However, ordinary people are not immune to the chaos. This type of injury has certain symptoms. These include severe pain, swelling of the affected area, and joint deformity.Finger joint swelling, deformation, and acute pain after injuryOf course, any finger can be sprained. However, older people are most susceptible to this effect. The truth is, if he doesn't move correctly, he's still unprotected. Although the ligamentous apparatus of this finger is quite strong, it can easily become sprained if the load is not taken into account. This condition can also occur in your hands if you accidentally fall. A person will feel severe pain immediately, and then (for about an hour) the limb will become swollen and possibly red.Of course, if you have pain in your thumb joint, you won't be able to live a normal lifestyle. How is a dislocation or sprain treated? If possible, you should consult a doctor. At the appointment, pictures will be taken to rule out fractures or displacement. It is recommended to apply something cold during the first few minutes. It is recommended to apply heat afterwards. Take analgesics to reduce pain. Pain-relieving ointments can also be helpful.


This disease is accompanied by a purulent process and affects not only the joints, but also the entire body. It can even penetrate into the bone marrow. The seriousness of this pathology cannot be underestimated. The inflammatory process is infectious in nature. It spreads to all nearby tissues. Over time, the lesions will grow larger and larger. Necrosis occurs due to poor circulation. Children most commonly suffer from hematogenous osteomyelitis. Such diseases occur because microorganisms enter the bone tissue with the blood. If the infection occurs after a fracture or other injury, doctors diagnose post-traumatic osteomyelitis.Finger immobilization in the treatment of post-traumatic osteomyelitissymptom:
  • Very sore finger joints;
  • There is pain and twisting;
  • temperature rise;
  • The injured area becomes swollen and red;
  • Unable to move fingers due to severe pain;
  • Pus begins to drain from the skin.
Surgery is considered the most effective treatment. However, it can also be used in combination with medications. The latter is necessary to prevent the spread of bacteria throughout the body. For osteomyelitis, folk remedies are considered ineffective.

My finger joints hurt. treat

This pathology simply needs to be treated in a complex way. It consists of three tasks:
  1. Eliminate the root cause.
  2. relief the pain.
  3. Recovery function.
As mentioned above, treatment should be chosen individually for each case. Of course, doctors will consider the cause of severe pain, symptoms and degree of inflammation when choosing certain methods. Treatment methods include drugs and surgery.Patient with finger joint pain during consultation with doctorHowever, if a person does not have the opportunity to go to the hospital, then simple attempts can be made to relieve the pain syndrome. Painkillers are suitable for these purposes. But it is important to remember that they do not eliminate the main cause, so relapse will inevitably occur after the effects of the drugs wear off. If the pain is very severe, then the ointment will help enhance the effect of the pills.

traditional method

What should I do if my finger joints are injured? In this case, folk remedies can also be used:
  • Propolis plus vegetable oil.Use as an ointment. Both vegetable oil and corn oil will work. Mix the ingredients thoroughly. Apply the ointment to the skin in the affected area.
  • Caucasian hellebore.This plant is used to prepare an ointment that provides complete pain relief. To prepare it, you need to take the same amount of honey as hellebore. To these ingredients add unrefined vegetable oil (a few drops actually) and a pinch of dry mustard. Blend all this until smooth and heat in a water bath. Apply to affected area before going to bed.
  • Raw potatoes.Grate the vegetables, heat it slightly, put it on a bandage or gauze and apply it to your fingers.
  • Elecampane root.Used as a tincture. The roots are crushed and then infused with vodka. It needs to be kept out of sunlight for 14 days. If you use it every day, rubbing it into your joints, it works perfectly to relieve inflammation.

in conclusion

Based on the above information, we can conclude that if there is an injury to the finger joints, then this should not be ignored under any circumstances. In fact, this symptom may be the first sign of a serious illness. If you start treatment on time, the results will be positive 99% of the time. Today, medicine offers fairly effective methods; you just need to go to the doctor and get tested.